member of the Ukrainian armed force, military prosecutor of Kherson garnison
- part 2 of Art.282.2 of the Russian Criminal Code (participation in the activities of an extremist organisation, namely Pravy Sektor which is banned in Russia)
September 6, 2017
4 years of imprisonment
days in custody
Born in Odesa, Shumkov is an Ukrainian citizen who lived in the city of Kherson and served in the Ukrainian armed forces. He previously took part in the Revolution of Dignity and was part of “Right Sector” leader Dmitry Yarosh, security before joining the military. According to his relatives, he was not part of Pravy Sektor at the time of his arrest.
On 4 December 2019, he was found guilty and sentenced to 4 years of imprisonment by the Russian court. On 1 February 2019 the court of the second instance has left the decision in force. During the detention he ran a hunger strike in solidarity with the hunger strike of Oleg Sentsov.
Shumkov is accused of having participated in the activities of “Right Sector” which was banned by the Russian Supreme Court in 2014. This decision is criticized as being conjoncturel in a context of an ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine and as lacking substantial evidence to justify the ban. The Russian Supreme Court’s decision mentions for instance an alleged appeal made by Dmitry Yarosh (former leader of “Right Sector”) to Doku Umarov (Chechen islamist rebel chief), which was denied by “Right Sector.” The case of Oleg Sentsov is also mentioned in the document despite the fact that his connection to the extreme right-wing organisation were not proved and were denied by Right Sector.
It is asserted that Shumkov, being a member of Pravy Sektor, acted against Russia’s interests and undermined its security. However, the Russian investigation makes no reference to any dangerous act carried out by Shumkov that would threaten Russian citizens nor Russia’s interests. An Ukrainian citizen, he only took part in the group’s activities in the Ukrainian territory where the organisation is legally operating. His relatives claim that he was no longer part of the Right Sector organisation at the time of his arrest.
Circumstances surrounding Shumkov’s arrest also remain unclear. According to his mother, he disappeared on 17 August 2017. While the Russian officials claim that he was officially detained by Russian law enforcement agencies on 6 September 2017, after having crossed the border with Russia at the Bachevsky checkpoint. The lawyer of Shumkov claimed that he was abducted by the Russian security forces. The Ukrainian police has opened a criminal investigation on the “abduction.”