- Part 2 of Art. 282.2 of the Russian Criminal Code (participation in the activities of an extremist organization),
October 10, 2017
2,5 years of suspended imprisonment, 1 year of restriction of liberty and 2 years of probation
days in custody
65-year-old Abdurakhmanov was arrested on 2 October 2017 together with three other Crimean Tatars who are accused of being part of the Tablighi Jamaat movement. Russian security services had carried out searches in his home in the village of Melnichnoye, Belogorsky district in the morning. Later they took him to FSB’s facilities. On the same day, Russian state-controlled media reported that the FSB had dismantled three cells of Tablighi Jamaat in Crimea. Talyat Abdurakhmanov spent one month in the detention center under arrest, later he was put under the obligation not to leave the territory of the Russian Federation.
Tablighi Jamaat is banned in Russia and considered an “extremist” organization following a 2009 Russian Supreme Court’s decision.
On January 22, 2019 de facto Supreme Court of Crimea has delivered the decision. Talyat was recognized guilty and sentenced to 2,5 years of suspended imprisonment, 1 year of restriction of liberty and 2 years of probation
- No clear evidence has been provided by the investigation to clearly support the guilt of Talyat Abdurakhmanov, Arsen Kubedinov, Seyran Mustafaev and Renat Suleymanov. Instead, Suleymanov’s lawyer Edem Semedlyaev reported that the detainees were forced to cooperate with the investigators in exchange of a milder sentence. Moreover, on the day of their arrest, a representative of the Russian Crimean Muftiat came to visit the four detainees in the FSB’s facilities and proposed his help if they confessed their guilt and agreed to state-appointed lawyers.
- The main evidence during the trial was the audio of the conversation between the accused, which was wiretapped secretly by the security forces. In this conversation, they discuss general issues regarding religion and do not address any extremist, violent, or illegal issues. The linguistic expertise was biased and manipulative.
- Anti-extremist legislation has been used in Russia to justify political persecution, especially against Muslims and Crimean Tatars. The transnational Tablighi Jamaat movement, which activity is mostly based on proselytism (“da’wa” which corresponds to the religious mission), is a non-radical and apolitical group. It focuses on replicating Muhammad’s lifestyle through a strict dress code and religious practices and on the promotion of missionary tours (“khuruj”) to spread their faith.
Tortures and pressure
Aged 65, Abdurakhmanov is the oldest of the group of four Crimean Tatars who are accused of being part of Tablighi Jamaat. He is in poor health condition and suffers from hearing problems.
- Kharkiv human rights group: New weapon of religious persecution and arrests in Russian-occupied Crimea
- United States Commission on International Religious Freedom: Inventing Extremists: The Impact of Russian Anti-Extremism Policies on Freedom of Religion or Belief
- EuromaidanPress: Four Crimean Tatars detained in new wave of religious persecution